Instructions to Authors
Papers must be written in English. Author(s) are referred to the Tips for Authors (especially those who are not native English speakers). Those whose first language is not English are strongly advised to have their manuscripts checked by a proficient third party before submission.
Please note that papers arising from postgraduate theses and commissioned research reports will usually require substantial re-writing in order to convert them into a format that is suitable for journal publication.
Papers should not, as a rule, exceed 6,000 words or 20 printed pages, including Figures and Tables. Papers exceeding this limit should be discussed with the Editor.
Each manuscript will normally be reviewed by two referees. If it is accepted for publication, the author(s) will automatically transfer copyright to the Journal.
Manuscripts should usually follow this sequence: Title; Author(s); Summary; Key
Words (up to 5 that are not in the article title); Introduction (ending with a
concise statement of the purpose of the article); Methods; Results; Discussion;
If appropriate, there may be additional (optional) sections on: Study Site (after Introduction) and Conclusions (after Discussion). In review-style manuscripts, Methods and Results may be substituted with other main headings.
Manuscripts should be provided in ‘.doc’ (or ‘.rtf’) format. Do not use ‘.docx’ or ‘.pdf’ format, or LaTeX as these are unsuitable for reviewers. The manuscript should be double-spaced in 11 pt Times New Roman characters on page size A4 (21 x 29.7 cm), with margins of 2 cm all round (top, bottom and both sides of page). The first line of each paragraph should be indented by 0.5 cm UNLESS it follows a section or sub-section heading, and there should be only one character space between each pair of sentences. Pages should be numbered consecutively, including those containing Acknowledgements, References, Figures and Tables. Please do not use autoformatting or cross-referencing, but do add line numbers.
The title page should contain the initials, surnames and affiliations (including countries) of the author(s). One ‘corresponding author’ should be nominated, and his/her full postal address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address should be given at the end of the manuscript. Please see papers already published in Mires and Peat for detailed examples.
The Summary must be less than 200 words, reporting concisely on the purpose and results of the paper.
Three headings may be used, all aligned to the left margin: PRINCIPAL HEADING (all upper case), First subheading (initial uppercase) and Second subheading (italics, initial uppercase).
Please observe also the following points when drafting:
- Units of measurement should comply with international standards (SI units).
- Please use standard abbreviations (mm, m, Ma, t, oC, NW-SE, Pb, etc.).
- Use the word-ending ‘ise’ rather than ‘ize’ where both are available, e.g. ‘minimise’.
- ‘Circa’ should be abbreviated to ‘ca.’
- Use long hyphens [Ctrl+Fn+;(semicolon)] for ranges e.g. “pp. 237–261” and short hyphens to divide and connect words, e.g. “half-baked”.
- Mires and Peat does not use the abbreviations “Fig.” and “Tab.” for Figures and Tables.
References in the text to other articles should merely indicate the name of the author (followed by an ampersand and the name of the second author when there are two or by “et al.” in italics when there are more than two) and the publication date of the article in parentheses. If the paper refers to two articles by the same authors from the same year, they should be distinguished by ‘a’, ‘b’ etc. appended to the date. For example: Robert & Kelly (1987a), Köppel (1983), Basto Neto et al. (1991) or (Robert & Kelly 1987a) etc. Where two or more citations are listed together, they should be presented in date order (earliest first) and separated by commas, e.g. (Köppel 1983, Robert & Kelly 1987a, Basto Neto et al. 1991).
List of References
The References should include all the citations quoted in the text and only those citations, listing the authors alphabetically and then chronologically when several references by the same author(s) are given. Quote journal names in full, NOT abbreviated form. References should be cited as “in press” only if already accepted for publication, in which case the journal name, volume number and year must be stated. Book and journal titles should be in italics with upper case initial letters. For books, please give the place of publication and either the total number of pages or the page range for the material cited. Where a reference is published in a language other than English, a translation of the title should be given in parentheses and the language of publication indicated. For items that are available both on paper and via the internet, “online at:” and a web address may be appended in the reference list. References that are exclusively available by internet should be listed under the name of the author or owner of the web site. Where the reference is in a language that is written in non-Roman characters, the ‘international standard’ Roman transliteration of the citation should be used.
Williams, S.T. & Gray T.R.G. (1974) Net primary production of the dominant bryophytes in a Sphagnum-dominated wetland in West Virginia. Bryologist, 86, 280–286.
Turbridy, M. (ed) (1984) Creation and management of a heritage zone at Clonmacnoise, Co. Offaly, Ireland. EEC Final Report, Environmental Science Unit, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, 206 pp.
Finney, H.R., Gross, E.R. & Farnham, R.S. (1974) Limnic materials in peatlands of Minnesota. In: Stelly, M. (ed) Histosols: Their Characteristics, Classification and Use, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, Special Publications No. 6, 21–31.
Schuch, M. (1991) Moorforschung und Moornutzung sowie die landwirtschaftliche Niedermoornutzung und ihre Bedeutung für den Naturschutz in Bayern (Peatland research, peatland use and the agricultural utilisation of fens and their importance for nature conservation in Bavaria). Telma, 21, 19–126 (in German).
Naucke, W. (1990) Chemie von Moor und Torf (Peatland and peat chemistry). In: Göttlich, K. (ed), Moor und Torfkunde (Peatland and Peat Science). E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 237–261 (in German).
Bragg, O. & Lindsay, R. (eds.) (2003) Strategy and Action Plan for Mire and Peatland Conservation in Central Europe. Publ. No. 18, Wetlands International, Wageningen, 93pp. Online at: http://www. wetlands.org/pubs&/CEPP.htm.
NLP Jasmund (2006) Nationalpark Jasmund: Klima und Böden (Jasmund National Park: climate and soils), http://www.nationalpark-jasmund.de/ (Das Gebiet/ Klima und Böden) (in German).
DWD (2006) Deutscher Wetterdienst: Mittelwerte der Periode 1961 bis 1990 (German Weather Service: mean values for the period 1961–1990). http://www.dwd.de/de/FundE/Klima/KLIS/daten/ online/nat/index_mittelwerte.htm (in German).
Tsinzerling, Yu.D. (1938) Rastitel'nost' bolot / Rastitel'nost' SSSR. T.1. Moskva-Leningrad. (Vegetation of mires / Vegetation of USSR. 1. Moscow-Leningrad). Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 355–428 (in Russian).
For languages written in non-Roman characters, a subsidiary reference list giving the non-Roman references cross-referenced to the transliterated items in the main reference list may (optionally) be included where authors feel that this is necessary to facilitate location of the material by readers; see Mires and Peat Volume 2 (2007) Article 01 for an example.
Tables and Figures
In the initial submission, Tables and Figures (other illustrations should be treated as Figures) may be incorporated into the document, near the text that refers to them, OR appended, each on a separate page, to the rest of the text. Tables and Figures are referred to in the text as (Table 1), (Figure 1), and their legends should be complete and understandable in their own right. The resolution of Figures in the initial submission should be sufficiently high to make them clear on the reviewer’s computer screen, but excessively high resolutions should be avoided in order that the total size of the document submitted for review will remain manageable as an attachment to an email. If at all possible, keep the size of the whole document below 1 MB.
What is needed in the final submission for publication is described below (in REVISIONS).
Electronic submission is required. If possible, send your initial manuscript as a single e-mail attachment to the Editor, Dr Olivia Bragg o(dot)m(dot)bragg(at)dundee(dot)ac(dot)uk, who can normally receive fairly large (up to 10 MB) attachments. However, if you send a large attachment (>2 MB), please send a separate e-mail without attachments informing the Editor that a large file has been sent, in case the latter is rejected by the e-mail server. If you experience difficulty sending several large files attached to one message, try sending several messages with fewer files attached to each. If the files cannot be sent by e-mail, they should be sent by post on CD or DVD. Such disks should be packed adequately to avoid damage in the post. The address for postal submissions is:
Dr Olivia Bragg
Mires and Peat
Social and Environmental Sciences (Geography)
University of Dundee
Dundee DD1 4HN
Once your manuscript has been reviewed, the managing editor will send you a decision letter. In most cases, the acceptance of manuscripts is subject to revisions being made. When you have completed the revisions to your own satisfaction (although further amendments may be requested by Mires and Peat later), the manuscript should be re-submitted to the managing editor, preferably by email, in the following format:
A single file ( ‘.doc’ or ‘.rtf’, not ‘.docx’ or ‘.pdf’ format) containing the text, with appended Tables (each on a separate page) and Figure captions collected together at the end. This file should NOT contain embedded Tables or Figures.
Each Figure should now be provided as an individual file in a recognised image format, at a resolution of at least 300 dpi. for an area usually between 2 and 5 inches (5 and 12 cm) side. Bit image files in ‘.tif’, ‘.tiff’, ‘.png’, or in vector image ‘.svg’ are the best. These can be compressed and decompressed without loss of information. The ‘.jpg’, ‘.jpeg’ formats are suitable if that is the format of the original image, as it often is with photographs, but should not be used otherwise because every time a ‘jpeg’ image is saved some information is lost, even with a ‘no compression’ setting. The ‘.raw’ format for photographs is not suitable because there are numerous proprietary variants of it. Avoid sending very large graphics files, as these will have to be compressed or otherwise reduced in size before publication. If you have any Figures that are not available as separate image files, these may (exceptionally) be collected together (at resolution suitable for publication) in a second ‘.doc’ file.
Revised 24 June 2010
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