|The effect of an exceptionally wet summer on methane effluxes from a 15-year re-wetted fen in north-east Germany.||downloads: 767 | type: pdf | size: 280 kB|
Volume 13 (2013 / 2014) Article 2
The effect of an exceptionally wet summer on methane effluxes from a 15-year re-wetted fen in north-east Germany
by V. Huth, A. Günther, G. Jurasinski and S. Glatzel
Published online: 14.10.2013
Re-wetting minerotrophic fens has become an important strategy to mitigate climate change in Germany. However, recent studies report raised methane (CH4) effluxes during the first years after flooding. A minerotrophic fen in north-east Germany that was re-wetted 15 years ago was exposed to exceptionally heavy rainfall and freshwater flooding in August 2011. We measured CH4 effluxes from wetland vegetation stands dominated by Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud., Typha latifolia L. and Carex acutiformis Ehrh., using the closed-chamber method, fortnightly from March 2011 to March 2012 with extra sampling during the flooding. The respective annual effluxes of CH4 (mean ± 1 standard error) from the three vegetation types were 18.5 ± 1.3, 21.1 ± 1.2 and 47.5 ± 5.0 g m-2 a-1, with the August effluxes contributing 40 %, 50 % and 10 % of the annual effluxes. Despite the freshwater flooding in August, annual CH4 effluxes from the 15-year re-wetted fen are similar to those reported from pristine fens. These results are promising because they indicate that, although CH4 effluxes are elevated after re-wetting, they may return to values typical for pristine fens after 15 years. Hence, re-wetting can achieve the purpose of reducing greenhouse gas effluxes from drained minerotrophic fens.
Huth, V., Günther, A., Jurasinski, G. & Glatzel, S. (2013): The effect of an exceptionally wet summer on methane effluxes from a 15-year re-wetted fen in north-east Germany. Mires and Peat 13: Art. 2. (Online: http://www.mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map13/map1302.php)
IMCG and IPS acknowledge the work of the reviewers.