|Mires in the Maluti Mountains of Lesotho||downloads: 504 | type: pdf | size: 1 MB|
Volume 15 (2014 / 2015) Article 9
Mires in the Maluti Mountains of Lesotho
by P.-L. Grundling, A. Linström, W. Fokkema and A.P. Grootjans
Published online: 06.06.2015
Lesotho is a landlocked country located in the south-eastern interior of South Africa. It is mountainous, with altitudes ranging from 1388 to 3482 m a.s.l. This article focuses mostly on mires occurring above 2750 m a.s.l. in the alpine region of Lesotho, that are characteristically devoid of trees due to the high altitude. Mountain mires in Lesotho are usually fed by groundwater and intermittent runoff from adjacent slopes. Few of them are in near-pristine condition and most have been severely degraded. Erosion has enhanced the drainage and desiccation of peat resulting in combustion of peat layers at several sites. The main threats to the mires include overgrazing and trampling by domestic animals on communal land, increased development as a result of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, and diamond prospecting and mining. Attempts at rehabilitation have met with varying degree of success.
Grundling, P.-L., Linström, A., Fokkema, W. & Grootjans, A.P. (2015): Mires in the Maluti Mountains of Lesotho. Mires and Peat 15: Art. 9. (Online: http://www.mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map15/map1509.php)
IMCG and IPS acknowledge the work of the reviewers.