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Volume 16 (2015) Article 10
The history of the peat manufacturing industry in The Netherlands: Peat moss litter and active carbon.
by M.A.W. Gerding, E.H.K. Karel and G.E. de Vries
Published online: 6.11.2015
This article describes the development of three major forms of peat processing by the manufacturing industry in The Netherlands since the last quarter of the 19th century. At a time when peat as a fuel was gradually being replaced by coal, the first form was the peat moss litter industry. Peat moss litter was made from white peat that was ground and sieved in factories which were located mainly in bog areas in the south-east of the province of Drenthe. It served as excellent bedding for horses and cattle. The second form of industrial peat processing was the manufacture, from 1921 onwards, of active carbon made from black peat. The Purit (Norit) factory, now part of the Cabot Corporation, is still the only active carbon factory using peat as a raw material. The third form of peat processing was the production of garden peat and potting soil. This is still a widespread activity in peat areas all over the world.
Gerding, M.A.W., Karel, E.H.K. & de Vries, G.E. (2015): The history of the peat manufacturing industry in The Netherlands: Peat moss litter and active carbon. Mires and Peat 16: Art. 10. (Online: http://www.mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map16/map1610.php)
IMCG and IPS acknowledge the work of the reviewers.