|The effect of long-term forestry drainage on the current state of peatland soils: A case study from the Central Sudetes, SW Poland||downloads: 224 | type: pdf | size: 671 kB|
Volume 18 (2016) Article 21
The effect of long-term forestry drainage on the current state of peatland soils: A case study from the Central Sudetes, SW Poland.
by B. Glina, A. Bogacz, M. Gulyás, B. Zawieja, P. Gajewski and Z. Kaczmarek
Published online: 09.10.2016
One important need in the context of peatland restoration is to gain knowledge of soil organic matter quality and current soil-forming process in degraded peatlands. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of long-term drainage on soil transformation processes. In autumn 2012, soil survey and sampling was carried out on five shallow peatlands in the Central Sudeten Mountains (Poland) which had been drained for forestry use in the late 1800s or early 1900s. Four organic soils (Histosols) and one organo-mineral soil (Histic Gleysol) were studied. The surface soil horizons were mainly transformed due to long-term forestry drainage. Increased aeration of these layers had enhanced their content of labile forms of carbon and they were undergoing secondary transformation. Soil transformation was more advanced in fen peatlands than in transitional mire or raised bogs. Only the fens exhibited characteristic evidence of the moorsh-forming process. Further drying of these soils will negatively affect their rewetting potential and significantly reduce the effective application of restoration treatments. In order to reduce organic matter transformation and loss from the investigated peatland areas, their drainage ditches should be blocked. Additionally, some trees should be removed from their central areas to reduce evapotranspiration.
Glina, B., Bogacz, A., Gulyás, M., Zawieja, B., Gajewski, P. & Kaczmarek, Z. (2016): The effect of long-term forestry drainage on the current state of peatland soils: A case study from the Central Sudetes, SW Poland. Mires and Peat, 18(21), 1-11. (Online: http://www.mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map18/map1821.php); 10.19189/MaP.2016.OMB.239
IMCG and IPS acknowledge the work of the reviewers.